ENOCK FAMILY HISTORY
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Arthur Guy Enock (1870-1956).


  1. Guy pictured in Natal, South Africa - 1896
  2. Guy Enock - late 1890s
  3. Guy Enock photographed in Durban, South Africa - late 1890s
  4. Left to right - Janie Enock (nee Whittingham), Amy Baker (nee Dell) at the back, Guy Enock (centre), Henry Dell - 1895/1897
  5. Left to right - Guy, Joe, Janie, Graham - September 1904
  6. Guy Enock - mid-to-late 1910s
  7. Guy Enock - 1920s
  8. Guy and Janie Enock - 1920s
  9. Guy spinning a top in West Byfleet - late 1940s
  10. Guy Enock photographed for his book 'This War Business' - Thame - 1950/1951


Date of birth: Thursday, 28th April, 1870.[2]
Birthplace: Edgbaston, Birmingham, England.[2]
Date of death: Saturday, 15th December, 1956 (aged 86 years).[3]
Place of death: The Acland Nursing Home, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England.[3]
Buried: Jordans Quaker Burial Ground, Jordans, Buckinghamshire, England (19th December 1956).
Signature:[5]


Guy with his parents and 6 out of 7 siblings - 1890s. Left to right (back) Eric, Guy, Arthur, Dora, Jack (middle) Donald, Lavinia, Ethel (front) Christine [1]

Father: Arthur Henry Enock (1839-1917).



Mother:
Lavinia Georgina Enock (nee Hollis) (1841-1899).



Siblings:

Arthur Frederick Enock (1865-1866)

Donald Enock (1867-1927?)



Charles Reginald Enock (1868-1970)



Eric Cuthbert Enock (1872-1952)



Esther Ethelind Enock (1874-1947)



Dorothea Amy Enock (1877-1959)



John Kemp Enock (1878-1957)



Christine Lavinia Enock (1881-1957).



Wife: Jane Whittingham Graham (1869-1949).[6]



Date of marriage: 1897.[6]
Place of marriage: Presbyterian Church, Highgate, London, England.[6]

'I wish again to express my heartfelt gratitude to my wife who through more than fifty two years up to the time of her passing on the thirtieth day of May one thousand nine hundred and forty nine was my loving helpmate and steadfast partner despite her many years of great suffering and sometimes of helplessness and for the happy home life she created and for all her loving good cheer effort and endeavour directed through times of grief, trouble, failure, and success, to the help of me her husband, and to her sons, daughter-in-law, grandchildren, great-grandchildren and my brothers and sisters, and I thank God most reverently for our life together.'[3]

Children:

Arthur Graham Enock (1898-1985)



Joseph Guy Enock (1902-1983).

1870-1872 - 13 Balsall Heath Road, Birmingham (somewhere left of the river).[7]

1872-1875 - 62 Pershore Road, Moor Green, Birmingham (is this Park Place mentioned in 1884 OS?).[7]

1875-1880 - Middleton Villas, Middleton Hall Road, King's Norton, Birmingham (somewhere along this road).[7]

1880-1888 - 1 Park Place (Pershore Road?), Moor Green, Birmingham (no longer there).[7]

1891 - 11 Parolles Road, Islington, London. (with uncle Frederick Enock (1845-1916)).[7]

1900-1911 - 20 Church Road, Willesden, London.

1911-1915 - 21 Queen Elizabeths Walk, Stoke Newington, London. 

1918-1920 - 12 Heathland Road, Stoke Newington, London. House demolished late 1950's/early 1960's, now apartments.

24th May 1918 - 31st March 1927 - 'The Hut' (now Quorn Lodge), Featherbed Lane, Cowbeech (near Hurstmonceux), East Sussex, England.



Guy made a number of alterations to the property and were featured in 'The Studio Yearbook of Applied Art' published in 1921. Click the above image to read the article.

Bought for £840 (worth £158K in 2017), sold for £5,400 (worth £897k in 2017).

Guy made a number of alterations to the property which were featured in 'The Studio Yearbook of Applied Art' published in 1921 (see below).

'Dad lost a packet in the Hatry crash, (and our lovely place in Sussex had to be sold at a great loss).' - Joseph Guy Enock

1928-1938 - 1, The Dutch House, Raglan Gardens (became Empire Way in 1935), Wembley, London. 



Empire Way photographed in 1931. The Dutch House can be seen below the centre of the image (the first house with the larger grounds)

1939-1946 - 1, Barnhill Road, Wembley, London (now a car park).

1946-1956 - Tower House, Chinnor Road, Thame, Oxfordshire, England.[7]


'During a film lecture in March, 1948, on Atomic Energy in the small town of Thame, Oxfordshire (my home town after my house was blitzed in London).' - Guy Enock.[8] I am unsure as to which house was 'blitzed'. Guy moved to Barnhill Road in 1939 (before the start of the war) so it is unlikely to be The Dutch House. The 1946 Electoral Rolls show that Joseph was living at Barnhill Road without Guy. Guy had already moved out of the area when the house was still standing!

1878-1884 - King Edwards School, New Street, Birmingham, England (moved to Edgbaston in 1936, New Street Building demolished. The site is now occupied by a cinema).[9]

Took firsts in mathematics and drawing, and honours in South Kensington, machine drawing.[9]

'He was educated at private schools and at King Edward VI High School, Birmingham.' - Quakers in commerce and industry.[10]


1885-1889 - Midland Institute.[9]

Attended classes for electrical engineering and mechanical drawing.[9]

1891 census: Clerk
1891 census: Engineer
1901 census: Consulting Engineer
1911 census: Manufacturer of Ice Making and Dairy Machinery (employer)
1939 war register: Managing Director of Engineering Works

'He started work on his fifteenth birthday, training as an engineer and speciailising in the field of refrigeration.' - Quakers in commerce and industry.[10]

1889-1891 - Messrs. J. Baker & Sons, Hythe Road, Willesden, London (apprenticeship).[9]

Joseph Baker's son, Philip Barton Baker, married Guy's cousin, Amy Dell.

Information on Joseph Baker & Sons can be found here.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

1891-1893 - Messrs. J. Baker & Sons, Flinders Lane, Melbourne, Australia.[9]

Sub-Manager of depot.[9]

1893 - Went to South Africa to give expert mechanical evidence in the case of Baumann v. King; afterwards carrying out the erection of the East End Bread & Biscuit factory in Durban. Designed and erected the plant of Richmond Canning and Curing Co of Natal including steam and power plant, processing, refrigerating. He also designed and erected the Cottesbrook Butter factory in Adelaide in Cape Colony.[9]

He was then engaged as Consulting Electrician to Natal Government Public Works dept to re-model the electric plant of the Houses of Parliament and to design an installation for the Government House & Government Lunatic Asylum. During stay in South Africa, he installed biscuit and power plant Messrs. Heather and Co, Pretoria, and Messrs Cole and Co, Cape Town.[9]

1897 - Returned to England and installed refrigerating plants for Messrs. Lisle & Co in London and Messrs. Fry & Co in Bristol.[9]

1898 - Went to Savona, Italy to install an ice plant. Returned to England the same year in company with his brother, Donald Enock. He designed Government cold storage stores for Pretoria, Durban and Johannesburg.[9]

1899 - Engaged with Transvaal Government as Consulting Engineer.[9]

The Milk Industry

'Arthur designed, built and managed equipment for wholesale treatment of milk to make it available to all children.' - Michael Thorne.

‘More than 40 years ago I worked as a bacteriologist at King's College, London. Now, of course, my bacteriological days are over, except as an observer, but having known Mr. Enock for many years and watched the skill and success of his methods in regard to milk and dairying, I am glad to respond to his invitation to say a few words in support of his true understanding of the science and art of pasteurisation, which he advocates, and for which he has done so much, both in the establishment of its validity and improvement in its application. Moreover, he is an expert engineer who has been brought into close professional and personal contact with medical men and sanitarians in various parts of the world, and has devoted many years to unravelling the technicalities and intricacies of producing a clean and safe bottled milk, at a reasonable market price. He is obviously an enthusiast in the extension of a pure safe milk supply, a species of missionary, and this has arisen from, and is the direct outcome of, his own experience’. - Sir George Newman (from the Foreward of ‘This Milk Business’ – 1943)

‘The work of a consultant on dairy and refrigerating problems for over 40 years, and that of organising dairy engineering businesses, has brought me into close personal contact with the daily problems of the milk industry. Plant and machinery to my designs, or produced under my guidance, have been set to work in some 25 countries and colonies.’- Arthur Guy Enock - (Author's Preface of ‘This Milk Business’ – 1943)

Some of Guy's patents can be viewed here.

1900-1925 - Arthur G. Enock Co Ltd, Thane Works, Seven Sisters Road, Holloway, London, England.[9]

Position: Managing Director.

Engineers and Contractors - specialists in refrigeration for all purposes.

'On his return from South Africa he set up his own firm in Wembley to produce dairy equipment. He spent considerable energy, in consultation with medical and sanitary experts, working on the technicalities of producing clean and safe milk. He was closely involved in the controversy over high-temperature short-time pasteurisation. He summed up his experience in This Milk Business (1943).' - Quakers in commerce and industry.[10]

'‘Already, in 1925, I had parted finally with my interests in an engineering business, founded in 1900. In the ensuing interval, my old papers, diaries and data, accumulated from a quarter of a century's dairy engineering, were overhauled. A careful scrutiny, which had not been practicable while surrounded with the pressure of finance, organisation and engineering considerations, revealed the extent to which bacterial counts rose after pasteurisation and the dangers to which milk was exposed by pathogenic and other recontamination in bottling after treatment—leading to a search for better methods and the evolution of a practical system which would provide for safe milk of unimpaired food value. After several further years of exploration and development, during which the results of the later researches on milk treatment were embodied in commercial pasteurising depots, more freedom was found to work upon the draft of a book. But, unhappily, a fire gutted the offices, sweeping away the library and irreplaceable records of years of work—data, notes, reports, partly written chapters and over 350 photographs of installations at home and abroad. The pressure entailed by reconstruction made it impossible to focus attention on writing and the crises of 1938-39 intervened. Then came the war.’ - Guy Enock - (Author's Preface of ‘This Milk Business’ – 1943)'

'During the First World War he sold his business under private agreement to United Dairies and retired in 1925'.

Had offices at 60 Dunsmure Road, Stamford Hill, London.

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1922-c1925 - Parkinson, Polson & Co, 30 Commercial Road, Eastbourne, England.

Motor Agents & Engineers 

Position: Co-owner.

'He also sold out of his other firm, Parkinson & Polson, of Eastbourne at a loss. All this was quite unknown to us - except perhaps to Mother.’ - Joseph Guy Enock

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1927-1931 - Burlectas Ltd, Palace of Industry, Wembley, London, England.

'The syndicate controlling all of Mr. Enock's patents was entitled Burlectas Ltd., Palace of Industry, Wembley, but as this company is now devoting its entire attention to automatic dairy work the name has been changed to “Auto-Dairy Pioneers”' - Industrial Refrigeration - Volume 81 - 1931

1931-1935 - Auto-Dairy Pioneers, Palace of Industry, Wembley, London, England.

Position: Chairman.

'He emerged from retirement in 1927 by founding Auto-Dairy Pioneers Ltd., whose name was later changed to Auto-Dairy Engineers Ltd'.

1936-1954 - Auto-Dairy Engineers, Palace of Industry, Wembley, London, England.

Position: Chairman.

Dairy and general engineers - sole manufacturers of Arthur Guy Enock's patents & inventions.

‘During the first experiments with this improved method of bottle-pasteurisation, made in my private workshop with the object of ensuring safe milk, my friends and I were surprised at the long period for which it remained sweet. Disc bottles after being boiled were filled at various temperatures from (140°F. to 150°F., kept in a gas oven for 30 minutes at 138°F to 158°F and then cooled in cans of water. Some of the bottles were placed in the larder alongside others from the local dairy. Our milk kept sweet from three to four days longer than that from the local dairy. It was not only the keeping quality which impressed us, but the excellent flavour. Our dairy friends were quite astonished at the results and it was eventually decided to build a plant on a commercial scale at a works in the Palace of Industry, Wembley, capable of dealing with 4,000 pint bottles per hour. It was licensed for pasteurising and milk was processed regularly. Some bottles kept sweet as long as x6 days when placed in a cold water tank, others for three to five days when standing about in the workshop or office. The first tests from this plant were made by the Glaxo Laboratory as already reported. Other tests demonstrating keeping quality at several temperatures are reported in connection with slow cooling tests, etc. The report of Rowlands and Provan also said:

"The keeping quality of the samples as measured by the methylene blue test at 15.5°C. was excellent and superior to samples from other dairies in which the batch process was used....The mean keeping quality varied from 3.12 to 4.76 days... (April 1938 to March 1941)…. a keeping quality of more than 4 days was quite common with samples from the 'in-bottle' plants investigated. Enquiries at the three bottle-pasteurising dairies showed that complaints of souring from customers were almost non-existent. This is not unexpected, as when milk is pasteurised by the 'in-bottle' process recontamination is prevented, while with normal methods of holder pasteurisation contamination from plant surface; during cooling and from bottles is difficult to overcome and reduces the keeping quality."

There are numerous similar reports from this country and the Continent. I will quote from one more which is of rather special interest. It came about through an article on the process in the agricultural column of a Lisbon journal, followed by a request to submit samples to the Portuguese Ministry of Agriculture for test at their laboratory at Bemfica:

Report on milk pasteurised in bottles in London and tested in Lisbon:

“The sample bottles of milk were taken from a bottle pasteurising plant in a dairy near London by Mr. Press, whose certificate stated that six bottles were placed in metal container; sealed with wax. The raw milk count was 690,000 per c.c. It was drawn from the cow on February 22nd. The containers were placed in a car during the night of 23rd February and next morning were taken to Waterloo and thence by train to Southampton where they were placed in the ante-chamber used by the ship's butcher on R.M.S. Arlanza.

On arrival at Lisbon on 27th February about 9 a.m. it was expected that arrangements would have been made to pass the samples through the Customs at once. It was found, however, that it was impossible to do so unless the seals were broken. This might have vitiated the experiment, consequently it became necessary to interview official after official and eventually to see the Chief of Customs at the Government Offices. Meanwhile the containers stood on the quay (and it was a sunny day). The Chief was informed that the samples were to be taken to the Laboratory of the Ministry of Agriculture and did his best to persuade his own officials to pass them through. With all goodwill, however, it was found impossible to break the regulations, particularly, as one Customs Officer said, for all they knew the containers might be full of cocaine! Eventually at 5 o'clock the containers were through in charge of a Customs official and a police officer who conveyed them in a taxi-cab to Bemfica on the outskirts of Lisbon, accompanied by another taxi conveying the rest of the party and Reuter's representative.

At the Laboratory at 5.30 p.m. the seals were broken, the bottles withdrawn, and the Customs Official and Police Officer convinced that the samples were nothing but milk. They were handed over to Prof. Agueda Ferreira, whose report said :

MINISTERIO DA AGRICULTURA LABORATORIO DE PATOLOGIA VETERINARIA - Lisbon, Bemfica 701.

"Samples of milk pasteurised by Mr. A. G. Enock's process handed in on 27.2.34. The samples were kept in the cold storage chamber until 3.30 p.m. on 28.2.34 when the following analysis was made. Thickness of layer of cream (half pint bottle) 42 m/m = 1 ¾ inch. Quantitative bacteriological analysis by the Heinemann and Glen process, the incubation of the seeds (colonies) being at 37°C. during 28 hours:

Acidiferous bacteria: 25 per c.c.
Non-acidiferous bacteria: 1.400 per c.c.
Total of bacteria: 1,425 per c.c.
Search for B. coli, negative in 0-1 c.c., 1 c.c. and 10 c.c.

Laboratory of Veterinary Pathology, 3rd March 1934. (Signed) The Director, AGUEDA FERREIRA."

‘On the morning of 5th March the remaining sample bottles were taken to the Avenida Palace Hotel where Mr. Enock was staying. On the morning of 7th March, Mr. Enock had an interview with the Minister of Agriculture with the objects of exchanging information about placing unemployed persons on the land and of improving the milk supply. The Minister’s Secretary, Snr. Antonio Perez Durao accompanied Mr. Enock to the hotel where he shared the contents of one of the remaining milk bottles and expressed amazement at the result. He was greatly interested in the milk supply of Lisbon, having studied heat treatment in various countries, and said he had never tasted milk of that age which was to him indistinguishable from fresh milk. The sample was free from clots and the cream perfectly smooth. He said he had hitherto understood that pasteurised milk had a cooked flavour and that after such a lapse of time would certainly be either sour or putrid."’ Guy Enock - ‘This Milk Business’ – 1943

'...when his dairy plant firm at Wembley started to make munitions he would not draw his salary as Managing Director and sold 55,000 (the lot) of his £1 shares to the other Directors for 3d. each.' - Joseph Guy Enock

Auto-Dairy Engineers was based in the Palace of Industry

Memberships

Guy was involved in the following institutes:

'He was a fully commited Friend. He served as clerk of Westminster & Longford MM; he was a member of the Meeting for Sufferings; and during the 1930s he was active on its Allotments Committee, devised to bring occupation and subsistence production to the unemployed. His main concern, however, was in the realm of international affairs. His South African experiences had made him a vigorous peace activist; he served on Friends Peace Committee 1901-1928 [drafted the Constitution of the National Council for Peace Societies], and among other activities were his books The Problem of Armaments (1923) and The Choice (1956).' - Quakers in commerce and industry.[10]

'He spent a lot of time in South Africa, met such men as Kruger and did his best to stop the Boer War from starting.' - Michael Thorne.

Guy attended the seventeenth Universal Congress of Peace, held in London on the 31st July, 1908.

'At this banquet Rt. Hon. L. Harcourt, M.P. (Lulu), was Chairman, and with his inimitable courtesy gave the toast - "To the Ladies, once our superiors , now our equals." I was sitting vis-a-vis Baroness de Neufville whose chocking laughter and applause were highly infectious!' - Guy Enock[8]

Guy's engineering career took him to many corners of the world, and awoke in him a strong interest in international affairs. 

In 1899, he made attempts with President Kruger, Jan Smuts and Francis William Reitz to settle the Boer and British dispute without recourse to war. 

Guy talks about these attempts in his book, 'This War Business', which I have reproduced here in full. 

The Problem of Armaments - 1923.
This Milk Business - 1943.

‘In the "black-out" evenings during convalescence after a long illness, what remained of the old notes, drafts and partly burnt salvage was turned over, and the singed but decipherable portions rearranged, clues being picked up and references discovered. Now, at long last, the book is complete.’ - Guy Enock - (Author's Preface of ‘This Milk Business’ – 1943)

This War Business - 1951. See excerpts here.
The Plaything Peace - 1952.
The Choice - 1956.
The Friend - 1956.

'In my early days I yearned to see as much of it (the world) as possible, but transport was difficult and slow as compared with the facilities of today. Where I had to get about by steamers, slow trains, mule wagons, and horseback, my sons, grandchildren, and great-grandchildren fly at hundreds of miles an hour. But even in my limited travels of more than half a century ago many parts of the world were visited, such as Europe, Egypt, Ceylon, and Australia. A stay of nearly two years, 1892-3, in the last named continent, included visits to all colonies, with experience of their goldfields, and their vast resources of lead, copper, and other metals in Broken Hill. But one of the most impressive memories is that of the immense agricultural potentialities of the grain-growing Wimmera ; the irrigated fruit growing lands bordering the Mildura River ; the enormous sheep and cattle stations; the mountains and the woods of south-eastern Victoria (where I found at Enock's Falls and Enock's Folly some traces of my former relatives) ; the great jarrah and sandalwood forests of south-western Australia, marked on my map at school as the "Great Victorian Desert"! 

Further experiences in Africa and America again compelled me to ask why human beings should fight each other for the essentials of life and the materials of their business and trade while there is abundant space, land, and materials for feeding, housing, and clothing the whole human family and for profitably absorbing its energies. 

Australia greatly appealed to me - I think perhaps because there was no inter-racial rivalry such as that between the Boers and the Uitlanders in South Africa; also, the aboriginies of the former country did not present problems like to those in the latter.' [8]

'South Africa was not a union in those days. In fact it was disturbed and retarded by race rivalries and intrigues to an extent that was more and more alarming. I well remember being in Cape Town at the end of December, 1895, about to leave for Johannesburg, when news came that Dr. Jameson had crossed the Transvaal frontier from Pistani Pitlogo with under five hundred men of the British South Africa Company's troops. Cape Town was in a ferment and drinks going freely. A high municipal personage was seen waving his hat as he marched down Adderly Street crying: "We will drive those - Boers in to the sea." However, "Dr. Jim" and his party were outnumbered and defeated by the Boers near Krugersdorp on 1st January, 1896, and then, after another fight at Vlakfontien on 2nd January, surrendered, after losing twenty-one killed and forty-six wounded. The Johannesburg Reform Leaders who had simultaneously risen with the intention  of joining forces with Jameson surrendered on 2nd January. The Kaiser sent his famous congratulatory telegram to President Kruger. The raiders are whitewashed in England. The resulting situation in South Africa was one of great delicacy and difficulty with mounting tension and ill-will.

A few months after the Jameson Raid my engineering work in South Africa seemed as though it were coming to a close - indeed my term of life on earth might have ended but for one of those turns of fortune which on experiences from time to time.

I rounded of current activities in Natal and embarked for home in the R.M.S. Drummond Castle on the 17th May, 1896. But at Cape Town a cable from England notified me of the shipment of an important plant of machinery and asked if I would postpone my departure and supervise its installation and test period. I agreed and left the ship on 28th May, the day she sailed for England. Pending the arrival of the machinery visits were paid to business friends at Kimberley, Bloemfontien, etc., en route to the Transvaal. On arrival in Johannesburg on the 17th June, I set out for a stroll down Pritchard Street and saw coming towards me John Quinn, an old business friend. He stopped suddenly a few feet in front of me and with white face and incredulous expression and at last exclaimed, "Good God Enock! How have you got here?" In a jocular way I replied "By mule-wagon, several trains, and on foot - but what is wrong?" His reply was rather staggering - "But the Drummond Castle went down yesterday with all hands, and of course we knew you had sailed in her." Explanations followed. The facts, as learned later were that on the last night of the voyage, in calm weather and under a clear sky, when about 140 miles from Plymouth with only the English Channel to cross, with band playing, dancing in full swing, and with passengers packing up to leave the next day, the ill-fated ship cut in too near Ushant on the French Coast, tore her bottom plating off, and went down instantly. French reports of eye witnesses on Ushant stated that the Drummond Castle came along too near the shore, a blaze of lights and with music easily heard, then slid downwards under the water. Actually three people were saved, one, Mr. Marquand, who was my cabin-mate as far as Cape Town, and two members of the crew.' - Guy Enock [8]

‘On March 21st, 1943, an epoch-making broadcast was heard, bringing ordered hope to millions of people the world over. The Rt. Hon, Winston S. Churchill uttered a comprehensive pronunciamiento on post-war policy. This remarkable man, whose presence and work has upheld the struggle for liberty when the world was in danger of a hideous descent into barbarism, will be known in history as the right man in the right place. A slightly different turn of fate might have deprived the world of his tremendous energies, when, at the armoured train capture by the Boers at Chieveley, Natal, his life was preserved. Shortly before that, in October, 1899, after a memorable conference on the ways and means of making peace between the Transvaal and England, and after saying good-bye to President Paul Kruger, State Attorney General Smuts, General Christiaan Joubert, Burgomeester Potgieter, Piet Grobler, Secretary Reitz of the Orange Free State and others, I got out of Pretoria some days after the outbreak of the Boer War, the last Englishman to leave, so I understand, and found my way in a coal truck through Portuguese East Africa to Delagoa Bay, eventually reaching Port Natal—all that is another stow, not yet written. A short time later Winston Churchill reached Natal by the same route and provided one of the greatest sensations experienced by Durbanites during that hectic time—a never-to-be-forgotten memory which even now stirs the pulses of an old man.’ Guy Enock - ‘This Milk Business’ – 1943

Hubert A. Nicholls.

Sir Eustace R. Pulbrook - Chairman of Lloyd's.

Francis William Fox - 'As a young man I learned a great deal from my old friend, Francis William Fox, from 1891 onwards. There is before me as I write a copy of his booklet, Some Historical Incidents in Connexion with the establishment of the International High Court of Arbitration, 1899, inscribed with his kind regards in 1901 after discussing my conversations with Paul Kruger and others at Pretoria.' [8]

Viscount Edward Grey of Fallodon - 'My personal contacts with Viscount Grey left an indelible impression of a quiet magnetism, a courteous understanding personality, and a charming conversationalist. I could never forget a talk we had at Queen Anne's Gate in September, 1917, when the possibility of a direct approach to the Kaiser was discussed. The details may not be related, but what emerged so strongly was his devout sincerity and a human sympathy of remarkable breadth. After some two hours of discussion he paused, and said he thought we had reached a joint conclusion! And then, suddenly looking at his was watch, he said:

"The C Minot Symphony at Queen's Hall is just about to commence. Let us go."

He knew his London well and we set out through short cuts, his long legs keeping my short ones on the run. But the hall was full. No persuasion or entreaty could gain us entrance. So we walked round the West End conversing till at half-past ten we landed at his club. There was a sense of friendly equality in our outlook and aims.

To me it was a high honour to exchange thoughts and discuss problems with him. A flash of dry humour appeared when he said that some of his Quaker friends thought he should have acted differently in 1914 and should have done something else, but they could not say what!

The inspiration gained at that talk was one of the main factors which determined me to endeavour to make a contribution to international affairs by writing The Problem of Armaments. I hoped and expected that he would write an introduction and sent him a typed copy in March, 1923, but his eyesight had become more and more impaired, and the copy was returned with a letter. I was filled with admiration at his writing personally instead of through a secretary, and under such great difficulty "...My limitations however need not discourage you..." What a true gentleman he was - and what a genuine lover of peace.' - Guy Enock [8]

Sir George Newman - 'My old friend Sir George Newman was Chief Medical Officer to the Minister of Health when Neville Chamberlain became Minister of that Department in 1923. Close personal contacts engendered the highest admiration for Chamerlain's personal qualities. In a letter to me from Menton in 1938 after his retirement he said:

'I hope you are a supporter of "Mons. Shamberlang." He has done wonderfully well I think. The trouble is we have got to live with these Dictators. I am against war every time. It is the greatest insanity on earth; also quote futile - both sides go to the shambles together; and the survivor has ultimately to give back all his winnings to the loser, at the Conference table. Why not first negotiate instead? But - [a well-known weekly publication] dare not breath a word, for or on behalf of, the greatest Peace Minister who has appeared in my life-time...But for him we should all be at it now. G.N. (January, 1938).'' - Guy Enock [8]

Charles Reginald Enock

'I cannot forget that Guy was away "on business" when the dad died. How could he go out of town when he knew the end was at hand?' ' [11]

'I shall never get over my surprise that Guy went away "on business" the day he died, out of town, and that I could not get hold of him.' [11]

'Heard from Guy during last week. He has not been able to complete the list of the dad's things! This being so "busy" is a peculiar trait of Guy's. We are all busy, but we ought to do these things.' [11]

Donald very bitter against Guy over some old patent question I gather and intends to "show him up". I have written him tonight advising him to let it rest: that life is too short.' [11]

Michael Thorne

'When I was home from school or university I found him the most interesting of Father’s [Stephen James Thorne] visitors – he always had much to say, well worth listening to. I liked the cars he drove, open top, low doors with the hand-brake outside.'

Gwendolen Thomas (nee Enock).

'Grandparents Guy and Jane Enock lived in Wembley during the war and later moved out to Thame. 

I can only remember my grandmother, Jane, as being profoundly deaf and always lying on a sofa with a shawl around her head. She had a charming Irish accent and was good at lip reading; when we visited her she would hand us a small writing pad and pencil, so that we could introduce a subject of conversation by writing it down and from then on she could converse by questions and lip reading our answers. She was affectionate, interested, and good to ‘talk’ to. 

Every Christmas day my parents and us four girls would spend the day with the Enock grandparents and had the most wonderful lunch and presents and fun and games. There were always two Irish girl servants who lived in. 

Grandfather Guy was a larger than life character with a very great number of skills and knowledge, particularly Botany and English wildlife and religion. To say nothing of his inventions and success in the Dairy Industry. A walk around the fields with him was fun and enlightening; he knew all the Latin names of things and was very skilled in finding hidden birds’ nests. I remember him showing us a hidden nest of the long tailed Tit, or ‘Mum Ruffin’, and describing all the different ingredients that went into their exquisite nest. He was also a great orator and able to quote aptly from the bible and he put these skills to great use both in religious meetings and at Dairy Industry Meetings. 

I know that he attended my father’s wedding to Barbara, but Grandma Enock would never receive Barbara or have either of the two children (Anthony and Arabella) ever visit. She faithfully continued to receive and support my mother. 

I know very little of their early days, but I feel that there was ‘money’ in the family, particularly in the wonderful mansion that they had owned in Hurstmonceux. One little amusing anecdote about the day of Guy’s funeral in 1956 concerned his brother, Jack. The interment took place at Jordans, a well known, large cemetery and it was a very foggy winter’s day: everyone was standing around the grave, concentrating on the rites, when out of the mist a man walked and he looked just like Guy!! Later my sister Josephine told me about it and how she and everyone was momentarily terrified because it seemed that Guy himself was walking towards them. It turned out that Guy’s brother, Jack, had managed to get to the funeral but was a little late, on account of the appalling weather. No one had any idea that he was in England! 

Guy was also an author of a few books.''[12]

Gross: £15,502. 19s. 11d. (worth £367k in 2017)[4]  
Nett: £14,932. 19s. 8d. (worth £354k in 2017)[4]  
Estate duty and interest: £1,200. 2s. 3d. (worth £28k in 2017)[4] 
Executors: Graham Enock, Joe Enock, Stephen James Thorne (recording clerk) and Edward Humphrey Bowen (solicitor).

Dorothea Amy Enock - legacy of £50, annuity of £96 during her life (paid quarterly).
Christine Lavinia Enock - legacy of £50, annuity of £96 during her life (paid quarterly). Old ladies writing desk that came from Ethel, framed pictures of Dartmoor by Arthur Henry Enock, parker pen.
Charles Reginald Enock - pecuniary legacy of £200.
John Kemp Enock - pecuniary legacy of £300. Bequeathed framed misty (blue) picture of fishing boats and old rowing boat outside Dartmouth Harbour, easy chair labelled 'Jack', spectroscope, telescope.
Olive Enock (John Kemp Enock's wife) - £50.

Robin Whittingham Graham (nephew) - legacy of £50.
Ronald Henry Enock (nephew) - legacy of £50.
John Arthur Derek Enock (nephew) - legacy of £50.
Enid Enock (niece) - legacy of £50.
Olive Enock (niece) - legacy of £50.
Robin H Bell (nephew) - legacy of £50.
Marjory Bell (niece) - legacy of £50.
Eileen O'Brien (niece) - legacy of £50.

Stephen James Thorne (friend) - legacy of £1,000. Bequeathed letters, papers, books, manuscripts, photographs. Binoculars & case, diaries.
Charles Benjamin Purdom (friend) - legacy of £25.
Maurice Fanshawe (friend) - legacy of £25.
Annie Smith (housekeeper) - legacy of £650.

British and Foreign Bible Society - £75.
Doctor Barnardo's Homes - £75.
The United Nations Association - £75.
The National Peace Council - £75.
Oxford Committee for Famine Relief - £75.
The Friends Trust - £600.

All the above trusts received the remaining two equal parts of the residuary estate.

‘You may perhaps be wondering why I keep on harping about my lack of money and may not know that since 1924 the Enock fortune dropped disastrously. First of all Dad lost a packet in the Hatry crash, (and our lovely place in Sussex had to be sold at a great loss) then when his dairy plant firm at Wembley started to make munitions he would not draw his salary as Managing Director and sold 55,000 (the lot) of his £1 shares to the other Directors for 3d. each. He also sold out of his other firm, Parkinson & Polson, of Eastbourne at a loss. All this was quite unknown to us - except perhaps to Mother.’ Joseph Guy Enock

1. Photo provided by Richard John Enock.
2. England & Wales, FreeBMD Birth Index, 1837-1915- Name: Arthur Guy Enock, Registration Year: 1870, Registration Quarter: Jul-Aug-Sep, Registration district: Kings Norton. Inferred County: Worcestershire, Volume: 6c, Page: 426.
3. England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1858-1966 - Name: Arthur Guy Enock, Probate Date: 30 Apr 1957, Registry: Oxford, England, Death Date: 15 Dec 1956, Death Place: Oxfordshire, Oxford, England.
4. https://www.measuringworth.com/ukcompare/
5. Image taken from Guy's book 'This War Business', edited by Adam Enock.
6. England & Wales, FreeBMD Marriage Index, 1837-1915 - Name: Arthur Guy Enock, Registration Year: 1897, Registration Quarter: Apr-May-Jun, Registration district: Edmonton, Inferred County: Middlesex, Volume: 3a, Page 689.
7. Various documents - censuses, electoral rolls, telephone directories.
8. Excerpt taken from Guy's book, 'This War Business'.
9. www.ancestry.co.uk - UK, Mechanical Engineer Records, 1847-1930 - Mechanical - Typescript with notes - 1899-1900.
10. Provided by Celia Wolfe, Ackworth School archivist
11. Information and excerpts taken from Charles' diaries (held by the Imperial War Museum).
12. Conversations with Wendy - 6th January 2017.
Photos in slide show provided by Wendy Thomas and Catriona Wesselhoft

Do you have any information on Guy? Please contact me using the form below.